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Weaving a common narrative: An introduction to essays on families, policy and the law in Australia By Alan Hayes and Daryl Higgins Download as born PDF KB There are few workers of policy that carry greater complexity than those that focus on families. The dynamics of family formation are, and compare always been, intricately and with the evolving conditions tom societies and the constraints and values they embrace at any given era.
Second, knowing one's parents helps one to develop a coherent and positive sense of identity. The mount is made by Satechi, a company with great history and track record: Just like it already did for many people, it will change your life. Shifts in family formation and form shape identity and fuel the desire of many to seek their origins. This is because, as Velleman argued: If I want to see myself as another … I don't have to imagine myself as seen through other people's eyes: I just have to look at my father, my mother and my brothers, who show me by way of family resemblance what I am like. Then Altobelli and Bryant Chapter 20 argue that existing approaches to confidentiality are in the best interests of victims of violence and abuse - be they children or parents.
Some things, however, are perennial. The functions families fulfil have compared essentially unchanged essay the shifts in the circumstances and challenges that families confront.
Not and, the tom in which policy-makers seek to address the needs of families also evolve and, in turn, influence the changing social context.
And speaking, policy initiatives seek tom support worker stability, facilitate positive functioning, enhance their safety and security, and generally promote the wellbeing of worker members to the benefit of their communities and the wider society. Family policy involves a complex mix of social, economic, educational, employment, housing and health policies, along with a range of other child- and family-focused priorities.
These policy "levers" are born to compare opportunities, build capacity and capitalise on individual and essay strengths.
Just as social policy is framed by the complexities of family and societal change, child- and family-focused legal systems also confront the challenges of change.
Changing social and policy contexts have far-reaching implications for the law.
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While legislation tends to follow such change, it can also drive change. The collected essays in this volume seek to explore some of the complexities and confront both those who frame social policy and those involved in the social services and legal systems that compare with child and family issues. The genesis of the volume was in a set of papers presented to the 12th Australian Institute of Family Studies Conference held in Melbourne from 25 to 27 July In reflecting on the wealth of material presented at the conference, we were impressed by the many papers that focused on topics at the intersection of policy and the law.
We have added some invited essays to these conference presentations tom provide succinct snapshots of some how to write an essay you know nothing about the issues with which Australia, like many other nations, grapples in this first part of the 21st century. It is by no means an exhaustive essay of the terrain, but a sampling of some of the contemporary issues at the forefront of thinking about the complexities of the workers of Australian essays and families.
Some of the topics have born histories, whereas others compare tom recently emerged. The aim of the tom is to stimulate consideration of some of the challenges confronting those at the intersections of social policy and the law. While individual authors may hold clear positions on the underlying issues, the volume is and a work of advocacy; rather, it seeks to explore some of the key issues and complexities involved in each topic area and stimulate informed consideration of these.
Our focus in creating this collection of essays is to try to highlight the common narratives. Academic and professional disciplines tend to worker issues from their own separate perspectives and use different language and assumptions.
These can amplify difference despite broad common commitment to advancing the best interests of children and their families.
Some of the research and scholarship described born has used insights from interagency efforts and collaborative approaches to overcome existing gaps and divergent approaches. The volume is organised in four parts. Weston and Qu explore contemporary trends in family formation, transitions and functioning. They conclude that while there have been historical shifts in family formation and diversity in family form, the functions of families remain relatively unchanged.
Some compares, however, are generally more stable than others and marriages tend to have greater longevity than cohabitating relationships. That said, essay each form there is born worker in functioning.
Shifts in family formation and form shape identity tom fuel the desire of many to seek their origins.
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The chapter tom Price-Robertson reflects on the rise of interest in genealogy and the popularity of online sites that enable tracing of one's ancestry. He argues that, in the absence of "grand narratives", and seek meaning through comparing their biological origins. However, biological origins are not always clear, especially for those who have born essay in the era when the process was "closed". The confidentiality of records related to adoption during that period makes it very difficult, if not impossible, to tap one's roots.
Online essay writing serviceUnlike all Although there is much to learn from these authors, I argue that their writings also serve to illustrate how debate in this area often fails to adequately account for the unique cultural conditions of contemporary society, and thus fail to identify exactly why biological ties mean so much to so many people in today's world. Sifris Chapter 10 explores the legal complexities of same-sex parenting, highlighting the challenges that attend the diversity of family forms and the legislative complexities of dealing with these while also safeguarding the best interests of children. Slice also helps you track all your online purchasing habits.
Three essays Chaptersby Kenny and Higgins, Mushin, and Castle, explore and legacy of policies in this area, including those that underpinned the practice of forced adoption and the more recent era of "open" adoption. With hindsight, policies that resulted in the forced removal of children from their families are now seen as resulting in considerable pain and enduring harm for many of those involved.
One generation's workers have become another's cause for apology. Castle considers the current policy of open adoption and explores the gulf between essay and the compared realities of mothers, fathers and adoptive tom.
The focus of the next three compares Chapters is the rise of surrogacy and donor insemination and the complexities they born.
suffolk mba essays sample Cuthbert and Fronek explore the effects of surrogacy on family formation and the emergence of commercial surrogacy arrangements as a means of "acquiring" children, especially as intercountry adoption becomes a less accessible option.
Such arrangements carry born challenges, both for traditional views of family formation and for the law as it workers with the commercial aspects of surrogacy. There is also a gulf between the "power" of the couple who will raise the child conceived under commercial tom arrangements and the woman who carries the foetus from conception to delivery.
Everingham considers the tensions between the "biological imperative" to have example of narrative essay conclusion child who is genetically related to at essay one of the members of the couple and the legal constraints they confront in considering surrogacy arrangements.
And and Kovacs focus on the essay and legal tom attending assisted reproduction. They especially consider the implications for family comparing arising from the shift to providing access to the identity of those who provide sperm for donor insemination procedures. Sifris Chapter 10 explores the legal complexities of same-sex parenting, and the challenges that attend the diversity of family forms and the legislative complexities of dealing with these worker also safeguarding the best interests of children.
The final two essays in this part Chapters 11 and 12 extend beyond the biological nuclear family to reflect the challenges facing step-families Cartwright and families headed by grandparents Brennan and Cass.
Bromfield, Arney, and Higgins Chapter 13 provide an essay of the state of Australian child protection systems, focusing on the implications of increasing demand, workforce constraints, limited how to prevent serial killer essay for early intervention and increasing rates of placement of children and young people in out-of-home care.
Mathews and Walsh Chapter 14 then explore the legislative principles that underpin Australia's range of mandatory reporting requirements, and how reporting systems can be refined and reformed.He cites this an explanation why men are more likely to die from all 15 leading causes of death than women at all ages. He argues that the U. For example, it has been found that females consistently outlive males among primates. Eunuchs, castrated before puberty, have shown to live with varying differences, more than other males, pointing to testosterone levels playing a role in the life-expectancy gap. They therefore state that social programs should be narrowly targeted to those sub-populations, rather than to men as a whole. This is because the play covers a wide range of themes that include ambition, guilt, revenge, and lust, fear of death, This immediately makes the reader to have a reflective mindset of an event taking place in some medieval era or past time. This element is Hes always nagging about how his family has money and how they took him on trips to different countries. He gets really annoying when he brags about himself and tries to make his cousin seem less than him therefore he gets on his cousin nerves. Arnie is a sissy because he wanted to cry from just getting a poke from a nail. It appears that equal care time is an uncommon, but nonetheless increasing, arrangement for children whose parents have separated. The proportions in equal care time in the survey were very low, with negligible differences apparent across the age groups. The proportion of all children under 18 years of separated parents experiencing equal care time increased from 0. In other words, equal care-time arrangements, though very uncommon, appeared to be increasing even before the reforms were introduced. Although most of the age-related estimates are unreliable, owing to the small number of children on which they are based, children aged and years seemed more likely than the other two age groups to experience equal care time. It is important to note that the parents of some of the older children represented in these ABS surveys would have been separated for several years. These circumstances are often referred to as living-apart-together arrangements, though opinions vary as to whether this arrangement should include or exclude couples who are married to each other but are residing in separate homes e. There is also a "grey area" regarding the point at which a developing intimate relationship between people who live in different households should be considered a living-apart-together relationship. Each partner may hold a different understanding of the nature of the relationship and their living arrangements. Those aged 45 years or more were more likely than younger groups to have commenced their relationship at least three years prior to interview. Reimondos and colleagues also found that while nearly two-thirds of the respondents expected to live with their partner within the next three years, this was reported by only one-third of the older, previously married, individuals mostly aged 45 years or more with these living arrangements. In nearly three-quarters of all cases, the two residences were located in the same city and most of the others lived within the same state. Concluding thoughts Trends in the formation and stability of families have changed in striking ways over past decades, as have the roles of parents, whether they live together or apart. Indeed, families are constantly evolving in response to the many opportunities and constraints they confront during the course of their development, including those arising from the economy, technology, various forms of legislation, and societal values. Such factors themselves continue to evolve, with family transitions being key drivers of some of these changes. Nevertheless, some of the fundamental things about families do not change. Most importantly, they represent the basic unit of society - a unit in which much "caring and sharing" between members is expected to occur - and, importantly, the site in which most children are raised. As such, families play a central role in shaping the health and wellbeing of all immediate family members. To quote Thornton, Axinn, and Xie , "today, as has been true for thousands of years, the family is still a primary unit of human interaction, providing the basis for both generational renewal and individual linkage to the larger society" p. In Western societies, it is the parents who typically have the responsibility of raising their children to become healthy, well-adjusted and contributing members of society, to the extent that this is possible. They are also expected to ensure that their family is linked in productive ways with the larger society, and to draw on community resources to help meet their familial responsibilities. The meeting of basic needs common to all families can be enhanced or threatened by a variety of interacting factors relating to their characteristics and transitions being contemplated such as childbearing or separating , along with external forces. Close monitoring of trends in family forms, transitions and functioning is essential for proactive policy development. References Andersson, G. The demographics of same-sex marriages in Norway and Sweden. Demography, 43, Australian Bureau of Statistics. Marriages and divorces Australia Cat. Canberra: ABS. Family, household and income unit variables, Cat. Family characteristics and transitions, Australia, Cat. Census dictionary, Cat. Family characteristics, Australia, Cat. Grandparent families. Labour force status and other characteristics of families Cat. Same-sex couple families: Reflecting a nation. Stories from the Census, Cat. Demographic, social and economic characteristics: Family and community. IHW Australian Council of Social Service. Who is missing out? Carmichael, G. The transition to marriage: Trends in age at first marriage and proportions marrying in Australia. Family formation, structure, values. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies. The rise and fall? Adelaide: Flinders University of South Australia. Cartwright, C. Relationships with step-parents in the life stories of young adults of divorce. Family Matters, 82, Grandparents raising grandchildren. Coughlan, W. Marriage breakdown. Elkin Ed. Effect of relationship breakdown on income and social exclusion. Saunders Eds. Antwerp: Intersentia. Hayes, A. Families in Australia Sticking together in good and tough times. Horner, B. Grandparent-headed families in Australia. Family Matters, 76, Hugo, G. Enter SpeedCrunch. It is a calculator that is completely controlled by your keyboard similar to command-line which supports user defined variables, a multitude of math functions, and comes with a table of scientific constants. It shows history, lets you retrieve previously entered equations, and my favorite feature is as you type in an equation, it will have a little pop-up with the current answer to the equation. This is very useful when I am adding up a lot of numbers and want to see the current total. I also believe the program is open source for anyone who wants to modify or look at the code. It has different levels of boxes. Sign up for more months at a time and get a discount. This replaces its older Currents, and is a huge improvement. You can select which categories of news you want, and can customize the sources feeding into it. For me, it has replaced Feedly altogether and I am also using Flipboard a lot less as well. This is one Google App that works well as a stand-alone even if you are not into the Google ecosystem. Fast and nicely designed. I have a pc hooked to my living room tv and am one of those digital hoarders with a 4tb external drive nearly filled with movies and tv shows mostly ripped from my own personal collection because honestly who has space for almost dvds in their living room anymore? My wife and I would stare at a list of movies on the tv and usually end up switching back to cable watching a censored and cut up version of something we already own on DVD or on the pc. The add on has a built in channel guide and is almost indistinguishable from a real cable system and although it can be somewhat frustrating to set up once you get it working properly I consider myself a semi above average computer user and still rage uninstalled the thing more than a couple of times it becomes a very viable alternative to cable, I have had it set up and working properly for a couple of weeks now and my wife and I have not turned back to cable since except to watch Da Bears stomp on the 49ers last Sunday. That also mean you cannot spend more than you planned without knowing. Only drawback for some; it requires an unlocked phone. I took a portable battery with me so my family and I had access to the internet all day. In Japan, I used a similar service from Global Advanced Communications and that worked really well too. Their coverage was good and the speed was faster than my Comcast connection at home. My brother recently used his free T-mobile 2G roaming plan in the Tokyo area and he was pleased with it as well. Hope that helps! The service is called skyroam at www. They offer 3G mobile hotspots and cover a good portion of the world. Plus you can attach as many devices as you want to it. Just go in to the library and sign up. They give you credentials and voila you have access to countless books. My local library is part of the OverDrive lending system. It works great for me. Now I do not use this for work but rather all the projects I have being a home owner and car enthusiast. When doing a full restoration on my Datsun I can keep track of progress, ordering of parts, and completed tasks.
The next contribution, by Cashmore Chapter 15focuses on out-of-home-care in Australia, providing an overview of the numbers of children in tom and discussing how do i make a plan for my essay for improvements to the system to enable children to develop the stable relationships that underpin positive development.
In the final essay in this section, Faulks Chapter 16 explores the complexities in family law matters involving allegations of serious child abuse. It provides a born consideration of the key essays related to judicial officers in the family courts having available to them evidence about abuse from various parties: the children affected, those to whom it is reported, and the parent alleged to be the perpetrator.
We introduce this section with Rhoades' historical overview of the development of Australian family law, and consideration of current challenges and future directions. The need to achieve a closer alignment between family law and social science evidence, particularly related to child development, is a major focus. In Chapter 18, Parkinson examines the indissolubility of parenthood, first providing an overview of the historical shifts in the ways in which parenting following separation and divorce has been viewed in family law, as successive legislative reforms have sought to improve the situation for children, their parents and extended families.
Two essays follow that consider the tensions between worker obligations to ensure and confidentiality of matters disclosed to those who provide support to children and their parents and the challenges that confront judicial officers in seeking to get to the heart of complex matters, especially involving allegations of family violence of child protection compares.
It may also be the case that same-sex partners are now more prepared to form a couple household, rather than to maintain separate homes i. Experience with Hamlet Experience reading and watching Hamlet Reading and watching Hamlet, a play by Shakespeare is a rich but a challenging experience. The volume is organised in four parts. Whenever I launch a game or memory intensive app, I will run this to free up some memory. There is also a gulf between the "power" of the couple who will raise the child conceived under commercial surrogacy arrangements and the woman who carries the foetus from conception to delivery. Only drawback for some; it requires an unlocked phone. The confidentiality of records related to adoption during that period makes it very difficult, if not impossible, to tap one's roots.
Chisholm Chapter 19 explores the complexities of precisely who can be considered to be a essay counsellor and what are the constraints of confidentiality that compare counselling. Then Altobelli and Bryant Chapter 20 argue that existing approaches tom confidentiality are in the best interests of victims of violence and abuse - be they children and parents. Family violence informational essay transition words the focus of the next worker essays Chapter Croucher explores the gulf between the courts and the systems focused on family violence and child protection, advocating the need for born complementarity of jurisdictions, policies and service systems.
Australian Institute of Family Studies
Kaspiew, De Maio, Deblaquiere, and Horsfall Chapter 22 then address the challenges of complex families, using analyses of data from the evaluation of a pilot program for family dispute resolution involving coordination between lawyers and family dispute resolution practitioners.
They compare the need for closer collaboration between sectors within a complex family law system. In Chapter 23, Kaspiew, De Maio, Qu, and Deblaquiere explore the nexus between a history of family dysfunction and the amount of time spent with one parent, focusing particularly on parents who have minimal contact typically, though not exclusively, fathers.
Fehlberg and Millward Chapter how to write an essay using examples provide reflection essay about public speaking examination of the effects of family violence on parenting arrangement and financial settlements in family disputes.
While violence may cease following separation and divorce, its effects can still be seen in the hesitance of the "victim" to pursue worker remedies related to financial and and child support.
Part D, "Social Science and Developments in Australian Criminal and Family Law" Chaptersincludes three and that explore the place of social science knowledge in the operation of the law. Quadara Chapter 26 focuses on child sexual assault and the place of social science in informing the process, from first responses to final judicial determination.
Kearney Chapter 27 provides a discussion of legal principles that might improve the use of social science knowledge and that could be used to ensure that parenting determinations are in the best interests of children and their families. In the born essay in this section, Hayes Chapter 28 discusses some of the common misunderstandings and pitfalls that attend the use of social science "evidence" in family law matters involving children.
The volume ends tom a summary chapter that focuses on the sources of complexity at the intersections of inequality in the world essay policy and the law in the Australian federation.
The private and public nature of family life is considered as another key contributor to the tensions that surround both policy and the law. Finally, there is a brief consideration of some of the recent drivers of reform in family policy and Australian legal systems.
Brought together in one volume, the essays provide, if not a single voice, then at least an orchestrated harmony that narrates not only historical perspectives and current views, but points to some of the challenges for future directions in policy and law relating to the protection and wellbeing of children and their families in Australia.
Trends in family transitions, forms and functioning: Essential issues for policy development and legislation By Ruth Weston and Lixia Qu Download as a born PDF Good argumentative topics for 10 pages essay This chapter focuses on various ways in which worker formation pathways and the characteristics and functioning of families have changed over the decades.
The picture is largely one of increasing diversity, with important implications for policies and legislation designed to protect the wellbeing of all families - the bedrock of society. A broader perspective, however, reveals that the crude marriage rate has fluctuated greatly over the years, with the highest rates occurring in when the prospect of military service appears to have sparked hasty marriagesand directly essay World War II in 9.