How To State Evidence In An Essay

Enumeration 15.12.2019

You can also paraphrase when you want to reference an example the other writer used. Use a colon after the claim or argument. The author uses a specific word or phrase.

  • How do you cite evidence in a literary essay
  • North carolina state university college essay prompt
  • Does michigan state require a college essay

how Your analysis should then include a complete compare and contrast of the 2 quotes to state you have thought critically about them both. In other words, you have to explain the evidence of the evidence and its function in your paper. This approach may be a good option if you are writing a paper that is explorative, rather than argumentative.

How Can I Incorporate Evidence into my Paper? | Essay Tigers

What does this information imply? What turns a fact or piece of information into evidence is the connection it has with a larger claim or argument: evidence is always evidence for or against something, and you have to make that link clear.

Creating a Correlation between your Claim and the Evidence Evidence can make or break the success of your essay. Our handout on evaluating print sources state help you choose your print sources wisely, and the library has a tutorial on evaluating both print sources and websites. Observation Sometimes you can directly observe the thing you are interested how, by watching, listening to, touching, tasting, or smelling it.

This list is not exhaustive but will provide you with ideas of the essays of phrases you can use. Make an argument or assertion about the topic of your essay.

Boston: Cengage, Personal experience Using your own experiences can be a powerful way to appeal to your readers. Why is it interesting? Summary Summaries are the perfect way to reference a large piece of text.

If your friend is acting like a child, he or she will question state sentence, even seemingly self-explanatory ones. If you evidence you use state of the wording from the original source in the evidence or summary, include a citation based on the essay style you are using in the essay. As is the case with any other type of evidence, you need to include a citation.

See the UNC How citation tutorial. Make sure you cite all quotes, charts, how, and other resources in your essay.

Review our handouts on paragraph developmenttransitionsand reorganizing drafts. A summary is less nuanced than paraphrased material.

How to state evidence in an essay

For example, you may write a paraphrase like, "As noted in various studies, the correlation between addiction and mental illness is often ignored by medical evidence professionals Deder, Evidence may be a quote from a source, a paraphrase from a essay, or a visual source like a chart or essay question about creative problem solving. How can I incorporate evidence into my paper? Learn more Statistics, data, charts, graphs, photographs, illustrations Sometimes the best evidence for your argument is a hard fact or visual representation of a fact.

Secondary sources present information that has already been processed or interpreted by someone else. Check out UNC Libraries.

For guidance on formatting citations, state see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. Next, use another color to highlight the specific evidence you provide for each assertion including quotations, paraphrased or summarized material, statistics, examples, and your own ideas. Does it support my thesis? Fact Proof — Includes statistics and objective information.

And how can I get ideas for more evidence? It will also offer links to additional resources. Which assertions are key to your overall argument?

Guide the reader through the interpretation process. Lunsford, Andrea A.

Academic writing services for graduate students

Paraphrase when you want to comment on a particular example that another writer uses. Summary When you summarize, you are offering an overview of an entire text, or at least a lengthy section of a text. Summary is useful when you are providing background information, grounding your own argument, or mentioning a source as a counter-argument. A summary is less nuanced than paraphrased material. Statistics, data, charts, graphs, photographs, illustrations Sometimes the best evidence for your argument is a hard fact or visual representation of a fact. This type of evidence can be a solid backbone for your argument, but you still need to create context for your reader and draw the connections you want him or her to make. Remember that statistics, data, charts, graph, photographs, and illustrations are all open to interpretation. Guide the reader through the interpretation process. Do I need more evidence? Here are some techniques you can use to review your draft and assess your use of evidence. Make a reverse outline A reverse outline is a great technique for helping you see how each paragraph contributes to proving your thesis. When you make a reverse outline, you record the main ideas in each paragraph in a shorter outline-like form so that you can see at a glance what is in your paper. The reverse outline is helpful in at least three ways. First, it lets you see where you have dealt with too many topics in one paragraph in general, you should have one main idea per paragraph. Second, the reverse outline can help you see where you need more evidence to prove your point or more analysis of that evidence. Third, the reverse outline can help you write your topic sentences: once you have decided what you want each paragraph to be about, you can write topic sentences that explain the topics of the paragraphs and state the relationship of each topic to the overall thesis of the paper. For tips on making a reverse outline, see our handout on organization. Color code your paper You will need three highlighters or colored pencils for this exercise. Use one color to highlight general assertions. These will typically be the topic sentences in your paper. Next, use another color to highlight the specific evidence you provide for each assertion including quotations, paraphrased or summarized material, statistics, examples, and your own ideas. Lastly, use another color to highlight analysis of your evidence. Which assertions are key to your overall argument? Which ones are especially contestable? How much evidence do you have for each assertion? How much analysis? In general, you should have at least as much analysis as you do evidence, or your paper runs the risk of being more summary than argument. The more controversial an assertion is, the more evidence you may need to provide in order to persuade your reader. After each section, pause and let your friend interrogate you. If your friend is acting like a child, he or she will question every sentence, even seemingly self-explanatory ones. An essential component of constructing our research narratives is providing supporting evidence and examples. The type of proof we provide can either bolster our claims or leave readers confused or skeptical of our analysis. Creating a Correlation between your Claim and the Evidence Evidence can make or break the success of your essay. For each piece of evidence, tell your readers how or why it supports your overall argument. Establishing a connection to your overall claim is what turns facts into evidence. Also, the only person inside your head is you. Make sure there is an obvious connection between what was going on inside your mind when you chose that particular piece of evidence and how it relates to the essay. This is especially relevant when using quotations. Writers often feel the urge to simply drop a quotation into a paragraph and assume it makes sense. Another option is to focus on a specific idea or theme that relates to your essay as a whole to introduce the evidence. The idea or theme should reflect a key idea in the evidence you are using. This approach may be a good option if you are writing a paper that is explorative, rather than argumentative. Use an introductory or lead-in clause so the evidence fits seamlessly in the text. The clause should appear at the beginning of the quote or paraphrase you are using as evidence. Another option is to use your own claim or argument to introduce the evidence in a clear, assertive way. Keep the claim or argument short and relevant. Use a colon after the claim or argument. You can also try placing the evidence within a sentence so it flows smoothly and naturally. Use a short piece of evidence in the sentence so it does not come across too long-winded or confusing. You can just use the quote and then place the citation at the end.

An essential component of constructing our research narratives is providing how evidence and examples. Paraphrase state you want to comment on a particular example that another writer uses. Check out our handouts on argument and thesis statements. Another option is to focus on a evidence idea or theme that relates to your essay as a whole to introduce the evidence.

You can use a short sentence that discusses a final point or essay you had about the evidence.

Often times, your writing assignments state require you to make an argument. Here is a guide to help you with the process. Types of Evidence There are several how styles of evidence or evidence. For a well-rounded paper, include a variety of types. Einstein Proof — You come across information that reveals a note-worthy person or essay agrees with the point you are trying to make. Fact Proof — Includes statistics and objective information.

Often, your evidence will be included as evidence in the body of your paper, as a quotation, paraphrase, or summary.

You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout and attribute the source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not essay the citation style you are using. How long should your paper be longer works may require more, or more varied, evidence?

Lastly, use another color to highlight analysis of your evidence. A movie review from a magazine or a collection of essays about the film would be secondary sources. Third, the reverse how can help you write your topic sentences: once you have decided what you want each paragraph to be about, you can write topic sentences that explain the topics of the paragraphs and state the relationship of each topic to the overall thesis of the paper.

Summary Summaries are the perfect way to reference a large piece of text. For writing in other fields, more informal experiments might unbounded college application essay acceptable as evidence.

Together, they cited information from 14 references. Consider what kinds of sources and evidence you have seen in course readings and lectures. Justifying your position verbally or explaining yourself will force you to strengthen the evidence in your paper.

Integrating Evidence into the Essay There are several ways to incorporate evidence into your essay. You might choose to portray data in a graph, chart or table. Sometimes, visuals — like photographs or illustrations with captions — are best. Most often, though, your evidence will be included as text in the body of your paper as a quotation, paraphrase, or summary. Often times, the original speaker uses words that are witty, edgy, or distinctive. The author uses a specific word or phrase. As is the case with any other type of evidence, you need to include a citation. However, laundry listing evidence is as bad as failing to provide any materials or information that can substantiate your conclusions. Therefore, when you introduce examples, make sure to judiciously provide evidence when needed and use phrases that will appropriately and clearly explain how the proof supports your argument. Another option is to focus on a specific idea or theme that relates to your essay as a whole to introduce the evidence. The idea or theme should reflect a key idea in the evidence you are using. This approach may be a good option if you are writing a paper that is explorative, rather than argumentative. Use an introductory or lead-in clause so the evidence fits seamlessly in the text. The clause should appear at the beginning of the quote or paraphrase you are using as evidence. Another option is to use your own claim or argument to introduce the evidence in a clear, assertive way. Keep the claim or argument short and relevant. Use a colon after the claim or argument. You can also try placing the evidence within a sentence so it flows smoothly and naturally. Use a short piece of evidence in the sentence so it does not come across too long-winded or confusing. You can just use the quote and then place the citation at the end. Print and electronic sources Books, journals, websites, newspapers, magazines, and documentary films are some of the most common sources of evidence for academic writing. Our handout on evaluating print sources will help you choose your print sources wisely, and the library has a tutorial on evaluating both print sources and websites. A librarian can help you find sources that are appropriate for the type of assignment you are completing. Observation Sometimes you can directly observe the thing you are interested in, by watching, listening to, touching, tasting, or smelling it. Surveys Surveys allow you to find out some of what a group of people thinks about a topic. Experiments Experimental data serve as the primary form of scientific evidence. For scientific experiments, you should follow the specific guidelines of the discipline you are studying. For writing in other fields, more informal experiments might be acceptable as evidence. For example, if you want to prove that food choices in a cafeteria are affected by gender norms, you might ask classmates to undermine those norms on purpose and observe how others react. What would happen if a football player were eating dinner with his teammates and he brought a small salad and diet drink to the table, all the while murmuring about his waistline and wondering how many fat grams the salad dressing contained? Personal experience Using your own experiences can be a powerful way to appeal to your readers. You should, however, use personal experience only when it is appropriate to your topic, your writing goals, and your audience. Personal experience should not be your only form of evidence in most papers, and some disciplines frown on using personal experience at all. For example, a story about the microscope you received as a Christmas gift when you were nine years old is probably not applicable to your biology lab report. Using evidence in an argument Does evidence speak for itself? Absolutely not. After you introduce evidence into your writing, you must say why and how this evidence supports your argument. In other words, you have to explain the significance of the evidence and its function in your paper. What turns a fact or piece of information into evidence is the connection it has with a larger claim or argument: evidence is always evidence for or against something, and you have to make that link clear. As writers, we sometimes assume that our readers already know what we are talking about; we may be wary of elaborating too much because we think the point is obvious. Try to spell out the connections that you were making in your mind when you chose your evidence, decided where to place it in your paper, and drew conclusions based on it. Remember, you can always cut prose from your paper later if you decide that you are stating the obvious. Why is it interesting? Why should anyone care? What does this information imply? What are the consequences of thinking this way or looking at a problem this way? How does it come to be the way it is? Why is this information important? Why does it matter? How is this idea related to my thesis?

The more controversial an assertion is, the more evidence you may need to provide intro paragraph for an essay order to persuade your reader. You can just use the quote and then place the citation at the end. How can I tell? If you are using a paraphrase of a source or a summary of an original text, make sure you still use the proper references and citations. This type of evidence can be a solid backbone for your argument, but you evidence need to create context for your reader and draw the connections you want him or her to make.

See our handout on brainstorming. Why does it matter? In general, you should have at least as much analysis as you do evidence, or your paper runs the risk of being more summary than argument. Always place quotes around any direct quotes you use from how sources. Make a reverse outline A reverse outline is a great technique for helping you see how each paragraph contributes to proving your thesis. Be sure to introduce each quotation you use, and always cite your sources.

Sometimes, visuals — like photographs or illustrations with captions — are best. Absolutely not.

How to Introduce Evidence and Examples: 41 Effective Phrases | Wordvice

The New Humanities Reader. Writing Guides.

How to state evidence in an essay

However, laundry listing evidence is as bad as failing to provide any materials or information that can substantiate your conclusions.